The gardens of St Anne's became renowned throughout Ireland and Britain and were visited by Queen Victoria on her official state visit to Ireland in 1900 .
The construction of follies at St Anne's reflected the trends of the 19th Century when aristocrats returned from their 'Grand Tour of Europe' visiting the ruins of the Continent and desiring to replicate their romantic settings, to illustrate their status, education and wealth.
The survival of the collection of features, is the last remaining example of an Irish demesne landscape in the capital city. The early development of the Park coincided with the Guinness family's sudden rise in profits following Sir Arthur's exporting of his famous stout to England in 1825. The Park symbolised the power and wealth of this family in British and Irish society.